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            ByLyuWeiWangMinghui,ResearchTeamon“AnInternationalComparativeStudyonBasicResearch”,ResearchDepartmentofInnovationDevelopment,DRCResearchReport,,2019(Total5582)2019-5-30Abstract:“TheGuidelinesonComprehensivelyPromotingBasicScientificResearch”issuedbytheStateCouncilnotesthatapluralisticinputmechanismforbasicresearchneedstobeestablishedtoincreaset,DRCresearchteammadeafieldsurveyonenterprisesinBeijing,JiangsuandGuan,theirbasicresearchismainlyfocusedonappliedbasicrese’basicresearchareinadequateresearchcapacity,shortageofqualifiedpersonne,thispaperillustratesthecommonlaw,characteristicsandmaininfluencingfactorsrelatingtoenterprises’tionofbasicresearchandtakemultipl:basicresearch,enterprises,StatekeylaboratoriesPromoteDeepFusionandDevelopmentofTechnologyandFinanceinDalian2019-01-09AlthoughdeepfusionandventureinvestmentofthetechnologyandfinanceinDalianhasdevelopedtosomeextent,nonthetechnologyfinancecooperation,imperfectinvestmentandfinancingsystemandunsoun:(I)andreferringtothemodeofFinancialhigh-newtechnicalservicezonemodeinNanhaidistrict,Foshancity,Guangdongprovince,TestareaofDali,thetestzoneispositionedasthemodernfinancialsupportindustryservicebaseradiatingtotheAsia-Pacificarea,isdedicatedtoattractionofbackgroundagenciessuchasdataprocessingcenter,callcenter,disasterbackupcenter,trainingcenterandRDcenteroffinancialagenciesandsettlementoffinancialserviceoutsourcingenterprises,andfurtherextendsandintroducesintelligence-centralizedfinancialbackgroundagenciessuchashigh-endfinancialproductRDcenter,liquidationandsettlementcenter,lossaise,university,researitdustry,cultivatesomecompositetalentsknowingtechnologiesandinvestment,promoteinnovationandventurepassionofthetechnologypractitionersofDalianInstituteofChemicalPhysics,breakthebottleneckintransformationfromthehigh-techtechnicalachievementtoindustry,andspeeduptransformationofhigh-newtechnicalachievements.(II),Dalianaimstobelistedintothesecondlistofinvestmentandloanlinkedpilotcitiesofnationalindependentinnovationdemonstrationzone,maketheinvestmentandloanlinkedpilotimplementationplanandimplementationrulesinadvance,establishtheinvestmentandloanlinkedprojectlibraryandfundriskpool,encouragepilotbankstoestablishinvestmentsubsidiariesinDalian,screenenterpriseswithbrightfuture,carryoutinvestmentandloanlinkedbusinessassoonaspossible,furtherexpandprofitingspaceofthebanksundertheinterestratemarketing,andbringnewtransfusion,onepartofthetechnologyappropriationcanbeusedtoformnewcreditloanfinancingmodeformulti-partycollaborationandrisksharingsuchasbank+government,bank+government+insuranceandbank+government+guaranteeviaappropriationtoinvestment,appropriationtoloanandappropriationtoallowance,whichaimstosolvethefirstinvestment,firstloanandhighfinancingcostbottleneckinequityfinancingoftechnologyenterprisesandsolvesequityfinancingofthetechnologyenterprisesinseedstageandinitialstage.(III):FoundtheDaliantechnologyfinancealliancecomposedofangelinvestmentagency,ventureinvestmentagency,equityinvestmentagency,bank,securitiescompany,trustcompany,insurance,assetoperationcompany,intermediaryserviceagency,guaranteeagencyandtechnologyenterprisestoformthejointlinkagemechanismofthefinancialagency,technologyenterprise,technologyinnovationtalentandtechnologyioninvestmentacademyinGuangzhou,Technologyinnovationacademyandinnovationinvestmenttalentsandventureandinvestmenttalentsintechnologyinnovationandventure,incubateventureandinnovationenterprisesintechnology,promoteindustrializationofthetechnologyachievement,boostventureandinvestment,trainthecapabilityofthetechnologysmall-sizeandmedium-sizeenterprisestocopewithexternalchallengesandintegrateinternalresources,andpromoteacademicexchangeoftechnology,financeandmanagementathomeandabroad.,2017InearlyAugust2016,Ivatformsinotherprovincesandrelevantinformationdisclosed,thisarticleanalyzesthecurrentstatusoflocalfinancingplatformsfollowingtheissuanceoftheOpinionsoftheStateCouncilonStrengtheningLocalGovernmentDebtManagement(GF[2014],)herecognitionandswappingoflocalgovernmentdebtsenjoyrelativel,localgovernmentswereunsureaboutthepoliciesofthecentra,,in2014,muchmorelocalgovernmen,iteriafortherecognitionofgovernmentdebtsarenotclearlydefined,thedistinctionbetweengovernmentandnon-governmentdebtsisblurry,andtheresultofgovernmentdebtrecognitionisnottransparentenough;andsimilarly,transparencyandclearrulesarealsorequiredfortheallocationofswappingquotasfromthecentraltotheprovincial,,sincethequotaissufficientandfinancingcostsdifferalot,,includingbanksandotherfinancialinstitutions,,swappingiseasierforloansfromlocalcommercialbank,companiesrunninglocalfinancingplatformssufferedfromafundshortageforsometime,,prolongingtheterms,andswappinghigh-costdebtsforlow-costfinancingprojects,financi:First,,thisisbecausetheyhavealreadyitmadeitthroughthepeaktimeoflo,,,,localfinancingplatforms,withbetterfinancingenvironment,aremorereliabledebtorsasprivatecompani,asregulatorypoliciesdifferandchangefrequently,itisriskytorelysolelyononefinancingchannelanditisthereforewisetofindmorechannels,,localfinancingplatformshavebeengoingdownandthereasonsareasfollows:First,,aseconomicgrowthslowsdown,,asindustrialcompaniessufferfromhighercreditriskandhighernon-performingloanratio,bonddefaultsoccurmorefrequently,andinvestorsswarmedtowardscityinvestmentbonds,,theROIofcityinvestmentbondshjects,manyfi,,%forafive-yearbond,whiletheinter,,fundraisinginthissectorhassurgedandalalatformsholdingtheposteriorgrade,,,Yunnan,Tianjin,Jiangsu,cingontheoverseasmarketduetotheirlowratingsandhedgingrequirements,andsuchbondsconstitutesonlyaverysmallshareintheoverallportfolio,wecanstillseeth...Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.乐橙lc8娱乐官网欢迎您,2017Manufacturingqualityfullyembodiesthecomprehensivestrengthandcorecompetitivenessofthemanufacturingindustryofacountry,andreflectstheextenttowhichthemanu,Chinahasmademarkedprogressinmanufacturingqualityinrecentyears,,theproblemhasbecomeevenmoreacuteastheglobalcompetitionpatternofthemanufacturingitstoraisemanufacturingqualitylevel,raisethecompetitivenessinallrespects,’levelAfterover30yearsofrapiddevelopment,theChinesemanufacturinghasnotonlyachieveditshistoricaltransitionfromsmalltobig,,consumerproductsandhi-techproductshasreachedorapproachedthelevelofthatofdevelopedcountries①,andanumberofmanufacturingfirmswhichhavehighqualitycompetitivenessandleadtheindustrialdevelopment;advancedequipmentshavebeenmanufactured,includingtheShenzhou-10mannedspacecraft,thedeep-seamannedsubmersibleJiaolong,J-15Fighter,BeiDouNavigationSatelliteSystem,supercomputers,high-speedrailwayequipment,high-voltagepowertransmissionandtransformationequipment,1,000MWultra-supercriticalthermalpowergeneratingunit,and10,,thereisalargegapbeerallqualitylevel,performanceandstability,qualityreliability,environmentaladaptability,,Chinahasalowoveralllevelofmanufacturingquality,afarcryfromconsumers’(%),(%)②.InChina,thequalitystability,reliabilityandserviceefficiencyofimportantproductsincludingauto,numerically-controlledmachinetool,constructionmachinery,farmmachineryandspecialequipmentarerelativelylow;thefunction,grade,qualityconsistencyandstabilityofironsteel,non-ferrousmetalsandchemicalproductsneedtobeimproved;basicpartsandcomponentsandconsumerelectronicproductsfeaturelowreliabilityandshortservicelife;asmallnumberofproductswithhighaddedvalueandhighfunctionalcharacteristicsstillrelyonimport;andasoundfull-lifecyclequalitysafetytraceabilitysystemforsomefoods,drugsandinfantchildrenproductsinvolvingpersonalsafetyhasnotyetbeenestablished③.Second,(EU),in2011,thecustomsoftheEUmember,73%,Chinahasbeenhitbyfoodsafetyscandalslike“melamine”,“toxiccapsule”,“leanmeatpowder”and“plasticizer”,etc.,nicsmanufacturing,forexamples,low-qualitycomponentsandpartsarepolishedandpaintedwithlogosofotherfamousproductsforthepurposeofadulteration,low-performancechipsarepackagedandpaintedwithlogosofhigh-performanceproducts;inthemobilephonemarket,thesalesamountofcontrabandmobilephonesaccountsforapproximatelyonefourthofthetotalsalesamountofmobilephonessoldthroughregularchannelsinChina,anditisheardfromtimetotimethatinferiormobilephoneusersarewoundedduetobatteryexplosion④.Foraperiodoftime,“MadeinChina”isoftentreatedasasynonymofcheap,low-endandpoor-qualityproducts,and“hiddenkiller”.Third,Chinaislackofworld-classmanufacturingbrandsandlagsbehinddevelopedcountriesintermsofquantity,reputation,popularity,,mostofwhichhaveproblemsoflowmarketrecognition,lowaddedvalueofbrand,poorreputationandlowloyalty,,China’esandarelackofexperienceininternationalcompetitions;somecompaniesmainlyengageinsubcontractmanufacturingandhavenotestablishedtheirownproprietarymarketingchannelandbrand;quiteafewfirmsconsiderthatbrandisonlyrelatedtoimageandadvertisingbuthavenotrealizedtheintrinsicvalueofbrand;manyenterpriseshaveinadequatecapabilitiesofbrandcultivation,anditishardforthemtotransformtheircapabilitiesandadvantagesintobrandvaluesthatcanbeperceivedbycustomers⑤.Accordingtoincompletestatistics,90%ofwell-knowntrademarksoftheworldequipmentmanufacturingindustryareownedbydevelopedcountries,andover90%“MostValuableGlobalCorporateBrands2014”releasedbyInterbrand,aglobalbrandconsultancy,Huawei,theonlyChinesemanufacturerinthelist,ranksthe94th⑥.,e,itwillseverelyhindertheenhancementofindustrialcompetitivenessandm,,atleasthalfofwhichwereusedforshopping,andthegoodstheypurchasedhaveshiftedfr,,thequalityproblemofthemanufac,fodder,toothpasteandtoyshavefacedunprecedentedqualitychallenges,andforthis,,consumersofdevelopedcountriesbecomeincreasinglyskepticalaboutthequalityofChineseproducts....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ManagementWorldisanauthoritativemonthlymagazineonChinaseconomic:theanalysisandresearchonmacroeconomicsituation,macroeconomicmanagement,industrialandregionaldevelopment,financialandfiscalpolicies,foreigneconomicrelations,publicadministration,ruraleconomy,enterprisereformandmanagement,,suchasExhibitionontheAchievementofLargeEnterprisesintheChineseIndustryoverthePastFortyYears,ExhibitiononEnterpriseAchievementafterChina’sFifteen-YearReformandOpening-Up,Chineseenterprisedevelopmentandafar-reachinginfluencebothathomeandabroad.,,donitsviewofthetradeimbalance,onceagainthreateblearationaldialoguebetweenthetwosidesand,,,①,,thegoodsimportedviaHongKongarecategorizedasimportsaccordingtotherulesoforigin;however,whenfiguringexportvalue,the,,,,,aslongasthefactthattheentrepottradeinvolvingHongKongisnottakenintoaccount,asharpdifferencewillnatur,realvalueaddedinthebilateraltradefromtheperspectiveofglobalvaluechains(GVCs).Aseconomicglobalizationincreases,;exportsfromb,SouthKorea,TaiwanfoChina,,-,,,therealvalueadd,,thetradeinserviceshasgrownfasterthanthetradeingoods,,itisnotenoughtoonlylookatthetradeingoods,hencetheenormo’sbiggestcountryintermsofthetradeinservices,,,,butfailedtomentionitssurplusinthetradeinservices,,,,removingthedifferencescausedbyHongKong’,’sstatistics,however,,,,toremovethedifferencecausedbyHongKong’sroleasanentrepot,theim,,respectively,s,thiswouldalsoavoidthedifferencesthatmayarisewhenbothCIFandFOBpricesareused....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2017Historyexperienceshowsthateverymajortechnologicaladvanceoreconomiccrisisleadstosubstantianettechnologieshasbecomeanirreversibletrend,andticabletointegratedemergingindustriesWhatarethenewfeaturesofintegratedemergingindustriesthatmaketheirregulationdifferentfromthatoftraditionalindustriesTosolvetheproblemsfacingtheregulationofintegratedemergingindustries,isitnecessarytomakeadaptiveadjustmentstotraditionalregulationonlyortocarryoutamajorinstitutionalreformThispaperwillexaminetheconnectionsanddifferencesbetweentheregulationofintegratedemergingindustriesandthatoftraditionalindustries,discussmajorproblemsintheregulationofintegratedndustriesandthatofTraditionalIndustriesWiththefurtherimplementationoftheInternetPlusactionplan,theInternetcontinuestointegratewithtraditionalindustries,asaresultofwhichanumberoffast-growingnewbusinessesspringupinonlineretailing,onlinepayment,e-hailing,,theStateCouncilintroducedtheconceptof“integratedemergingindustries”intheGuidelinesonActivelyPromotingtheInternetPlusActionPlan,,propergovernmentregulationisaninstituti,whichareclassifiedinthetablebelowassupply-sidefactors,,ofwhichthefirstthreearetraditionalindustriesincludingpowergrid,communications,bankingandteltodapwi,,networkexternalityisanimportantreasonbehindthegovernment’sregulationofthecommunicationsindustry,,,serviceavailabilityisaregulatoryrequirementthatbusinessesprovidingpublicutilitiesmustmeet,,,communicationsandothertraditionalindustriesalsohaveplatformeffectsbuntegratedemergingindustriesandthatoftraditionalindustries,eInterne①,,itwillbringthecompetitiveadvantageofbeing“toobigtofail”.Thisisalsotheprimarycausewhyalargenumberofstart-upenterpriseswouldrathersufferasubstant,pathdependencewilloccursotheywouldbereluct,onceanInternetplatformisbigger,itwillhavestrongermarketdominance,,theplatformwillalsotendtoabusemarketdominance,andevenpreventnewentrantsandpotentialcompetitorsfromenteringthemarketthroughvariousmeans,,communicationsandothertraditionalindustries,b,thegovernmentusuallyboostsmarketcompetitiontoimproveefficiencybymeansofhorizontalandverticalsplitting,introductionofcompetitorsandcompetitivebenchmarking,,thenationalpowertransmissionnetworkwassplitintkoperatorssuchasChinaMobile,ChinaUnicom,,butitisfarfromthe“winner-takes-all”,itisdifficulttosplittheInternetmarketbecauseitissubjecttonogeographicalrestrictions,sotheyservemanyquasi-publicfunctionsthatshallberegulatedproperly,,onlinepayment,onlineloansandotheractivitiesofInternetfinancearesubjecttonogeographicalrestrictions,andinvolvealotofpeople,ingthequalityofgoodsandpaymentsecuritywhilee-hailingplatformoperatorsshoul,thesearethegovernment’,thegovernmentisfoundabsentinthesaidfunctionalareas,,sincemostofsuchplatformoperatorsareprivateenterpriseswhosemainconcernisprofit,es,theystillhaveerencesbetweenregionsandtheexistenceofgovernmentsonmanylevels,r,countyandmunicipalgovernmentsareresponsibleforregulatingactivitiesconcerningsafetysupervision,environmentalprotection,relatedtoindustryandcommerce,qualityinspection,tiativethroughdecentralizationandmakefulluseoflocalinformation....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.PromoteDeepFusionandDevelopmentofTechnologyandFinanceinDalian2019-01-09AlthoughdeepfusionandventureinvestmentofthetechnologyandfinanceinDalianhasdevelopedtosomeextent,nonthetechnologyfinancecooperation,imperfectinvestmentandfinancingsystemandunsoun:(I)andreferringtothemodeofFinancialhigh-newtechnicalservicezonemodeinNanhaidistrict,Foshancity,Guangdongprovince,TestareaofDali,thetestzoneispositionedasthemodernfinancialsupportindustryservicebaseradiatingtotheAsia-Pacificarea,isdedicatedtoattractionofbackgroundagenciessuchasdataprocessingcenter,callcenter,disasterbackupcenter,trainingcenterandRDcenteroffinancialagenciesandsettlementoffinancialserviceoutsourcingenterprises,andfurtherextendsandintroducesintelligence-centralizedfinancialbackgroundagenciessuchashigh-endfinancialproductRDcenter,liquidationandsettlementcenter,lossaise,university,researitdustry,cultivatesomecompositetalentsknowingtechnologiesandinvestment,promoteinnovationandventurepassionofthetechnologypractitionersofDalianInstituteofChemicalPhysics,breakthebottleneckintransformationfromthehigh-techtechnicalachievementtoindustry,andspeeduptransformationofhigh-newtechnicalachievements.(II),Dalianaimstobelistedintothesecondlistofinvestmentandloanlinkedpilotcitiesofnationalindependentinnovationdemonstrationzone,maketheinvestmentandloanlinkedpilotimplementationplanandimplementationrulesinadvance,establishtheinvestmentandloanlinkedprojectlibraryandfundriskpool,encouragepilotbankstoestablishinvestmentsubsidiariesinDalian,screenenterpriseswithbrightfuture,carryoutinvestmentandloanlinkedbusinessassoonaspossible,furtherexpandprofitingspaceofthebanksundertheinterestratemarketing,andbringnewtransfusion,onepartofthetechnologyappropriationcanbeusedtoformnewcreditloanfinancingmodeformulti-partycollaborationandrisksharingsuchasbank+government,bank+government+insuranceandbank+government+guaranteeviaappropriationtoinvestment,appropriationtoloanandappropriationtoallowance,whichaimstosolvethefirstinvestment,firstloanandhighfinancingcostbottleneckinequityfinancingoftechnologyenterprisesandsolvesequityfinancingofthetechnologyenterprisesinseedstageandinitialstage.(III):FoundtheDaliantechnologyfinancealliancecomposedofangelinvestmentagency,ventureinvestmentagency,equityinvestmentagency,bank,securitiescompany,trustcompany,insurance,assetoperationcompany,intermediaryserviceagency,guaranteeagencyandtechnologyenterprisestoformthejointlinkagemechanismofthefinancialagency,technologyenterprise,technologyinnovationtalentandtechnologyioninvestmentacademyinGuangzhou,Technologyinnovationacademyandinnovationinvestmenttalentsandventureandinvestmenttalentsintechnologyinnovationandventure,incubateventureandinnovationenterprisesintechnology,promoteindustrializationofthetechnologyachievement,boostventureandinvestment,trainthecapabilityofthetechnologysmall-sizeandmedium-sizeenterprisestocopewithexternalchallengesandintegrateinternalresources,andpromoteacademicexchangeoftechnology,financeandmanagementathomeandabroad.ByXiongHongru,ResearchDepartmentofInnovationDevelopment,DRCMaYuan,EnterpriseResearchInstitute,DRCResearchReport,,2019(Total5638)2019-8-19Abstract:Withthewideapplicationofanewtypeofbusinessmodelbasedonbigdataandalgorithmdriverinthedigitaleconomyera,theInternetplatformcompanies’overchargesonregularcustomersbyidentifyingtheir’sbiasedapproachisakindofpricediscrimination,butduetoitsheavydependencyondataandalgorithms,ndintensifiesthedynamicmarketcompetition,whereasitwillalsoleadtodentedbenefitsonthepartofsomeconsumers,causedamagetotheplatforms’’ssuchperformanceinvolvesmarketcompetition,consumers’rightsandinterests,,suchanissuefacesthepracticaldifficultyintheenforcementoflawsandregulations,’’suchbehaviorandweakentheirmotivesandcapabilitiesthroughintensifiedmarketcompeorcementefficiency,reviseandimprovetherulesandregulationsofrelateddepartments,enhancetheplatforms’transparencyrelatingtotherulesins:big-data’sbiasedapproach,pricediscrimination,Internetplatform,toaddresschallenges

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